Discrimination And Sexual Orientation
Sexual orientation is the romantic or sexual attraction that a person feels towards another person. There are four orientations: heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual and asexual orientations. Heterosexuality involves a person’s attraction for the opposite gender. On the other hand, people who feel romantically attracted to people of their gender, such as a man being attracted to a man, are referred to as homosexuals. In other cases, an individual can feel attracted to persons of both genders, a sexual orientation called bisexuality. Some people do not fall into any of these categories. These individuals usually feel no or negligible romantic or sexual attraction to persons of either gender. These individuals are referred to as asexual.
Sexual orientation forms basis of discrimination at work places and social places in different places of the world. This discrimination occurs because majority people in certain set up are of a certain sexual orientation and they do not appreciate any other sexual orientation. Forms of discrimination that occur on the basis of sexual orientation include difference in treatment (which could be direct or indirect), harassment, denial of benefits and victimisation.
The work place is an environment where people are likely to experience sexual orientation discrimination in terms of difference in the treatment they receive. A direct way of this discrimination involves less favourable treatment. Therefore, you find that a person of a certain sexual orientation does not get promoted or does not receive bonuses despite his good performance. On the other hand, an indirect form of different treatment at the work place could be enacting of provisions and criteria that disadvantage people of a certain sexual orientation. An example of such a provision is denying homosexuals a paternity or maternity leave.
The other type of sexual orientation discrimination, harassment, occurs in the form of unwelcome conduct that degrades the dignity of the victim, intimidates, humiliates or offends the victim. Examples of such unwelcome behaviour include sexual jokes, inappropriate touching, drawing of pictures that portray a certain sexual orientation negatively and persistent presentation of sexual advances. While sticking to the scenario of sexual orientation discrimination at a work place, an individual can suffer by being denied his rightful benefits. Examples of such benefits at the work place include health insurance for a same sex partner. This is quite bad especially considering that people with opposite sex partners are able to get health insurance for their partners.
Another form of discrimination is victimisation when a person of a certain sexual orientation tries to make a complaint. This victimisation occurs despite the person being clearly wronged and there being provisions for such reporting.
Discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation is very demeaning. It is important for companies and leaders in the society to create provisions that create conducive environments for people of all sexual orientations. As a result, everyone would be productive at work and comfortable with his or her lifestyle.
Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation Essay example
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In today’s day in age, different sexualities and gender identities are quickly becoming more accepted in mainstream society. Despite this change, there are many people who believe that having a different sexual orientation or gender identity is a choice that is frowned upon. In order to refute this belief, research and biology of the brain is necessary. Researching the brain on the basis of sexuality is a fairly new topic of discussion because it is somewhat difficult and confusing. This paper will explore the different identities of gender, sex and sexual orientation and the main biological reasons behind these. There is also some validity of different sexual orientations and identities through the evidence of sexual disorders like…show more content…
Gender is not based on physical attributes. Sex is the word that should be used when speaking about biological characteristics. So, based on the definition of gender by LeVay, gender identity is one’s personal attitude towards being more male or female.
It is normally thought that gender is something that is developed at birth and is something that is set in stone. More recently in time, people have started to express that they feel that their gender identity is different and separate from their sex at birth. Egan and Perry are considered very important researchers in the field of gender identity and psychology. The two proposed that gender identity is multi-faceted and is made up of five different components that are generally independent of one another. The categories are as follows: knowing one belongs to one gender or another, how much they feel they belong to the category, how happy they are with that gender, how much pressure they feel to conform to gender stereotypes and how much they feel their sex is superior to the opposite (Carver, Yunger & Perry, 2003, p. 95). All of these relate to adjustment in different senses. Egan and Perry found that by middle childhood, most have a fairly stable idea of their standing on all of these categories. Their perception thrives most when they are confident in themselves and when they feel that they are not constricted in their freedom to explore other